Tonight my twin son came to visit and somehow I blurted out I was working on my undergrad degree in Anthropology but had already completed my minors in both communications and creative writing. A very tight smirk grimaced his face as he scalded “Why on earth would you even consider a degree in anthropology Mom? What can you use with that?”

He had little to no idea that I had my desktop covered in digital artifacts from ancient Columbia, Costa Rica, Mexico, and the Americas or that I had folders and files full of snapshots from first source books and notes on lectures and readings! The secret truth was I was obsessed with history from a very different lens. I was very much steeped in anthropology through my love of cultures, folktales and mythology, histories, and artifacts and so much more. A small part of me had downloaded so much information it seemed emotionally exhausting to translate into blog or book form. The book shared remarkable accounts of what has been turned into folklore, mythology, and extracted from religious cult motif artifacts.

Often times during my research, I was so overwhelmed, startled, and shocked I was put into an emotional overwhelm and overload of what was a reality some 500 years ago. Only 527 years ago?! I’d take notes and copy photos, file them away to post and by the morning I’d be onto the next “channel” and “download” of historical information. Most of this information was blended with dreams and a kind of knowing that I’d later find in books (as confirmation) or feel as if I was discovering through the dreamworld– all of which seemed fantastic and profound. What a very different world our Ancestors lived only 500 plus years ago! It all seemed so fantastic and even outer worldly against the man made reality we live today.

Who would believe for instance that Oliby’s 1671 narrative disclosed an island in the Caribbean deserted by humans but ravaging with bat-like dragons and other weird creatures?

(Olgiby, 1671, 65)

“with abundance of Sweet Water, high Trees, Sea-spiders, and horrible Dragons, which have a sharp head, round fiery eyes, and wide mouths, wings not unlike a Bats, a speckled breast, curled tail, blew back, and two bags like a drawn satchel triangular, were under their bellies” (Olgiby, 1671, 65)

Or that in that same narrative there was a River Daria?

Seriously? Daria, whose name I share seemed to be passed down through more than mere coincidence of my mother? It was the very name I had found in my matrilineal genealogy record (research). A (Daria Vala) whose original origin I have yet to confirm marrying into the “free” “mulato” “Creole” family in Guadeloupe. This name had confirmed deeper feelings to this mysterious family members’ possible “South American” origins further sealing connection to my family’s South-Central-Caribbean connection and lineage and oral geneaological history. Furthermore, ancient maps proved that the River Daria predated the River Darian (Darien) or the Darien.

“The Spaniards which Encamp’d near the River Daria, on Uraba, perceiving this, and knowing they had no manner of supply from Hispaniola, and having already”
(Olgiby, 1671)

Ancient maps and first source book readings also provided evidence that a few Persian (Phoenician) Kings were called King Daryus and recorded in Ancient Egypt (but we will revisit this later).

If you look closely you can read that not only was there a River Daria but it was “on Uraba”. Uraba is noted as being part of the Kingdom of Tera Firma which included several countries or regions in South and Central America prior to colonization and paper genocide. This struck a deep chord within me as many of the narratives in the book America referenced this large content and kingdom Uraba. Yet I had NEVER heard of this long forgotten lost continent in any other history book I had ever read! What was this Uraba?

And so my tiny brain began to churn that night to the following questions, conclusions and theories?

  • Could this have also been pronounced like the Yoruba on the continent we know today called Africa in the country Nigeria?
  • Perhaps Uraba could also be pronounced or “Aruba”! A-R-U-B-A
  • Was the continent once called “Uraba” U-R-A-B-A by the autochthonous inhabitants downsized through colonization and war replaced by the name New Andalusia and New Grenada then later renamed South America?
  • Could the once large continent have also been long forgotten and erased from the history books (and minds) been relabeled onto a much smaller piece of land what we call today “Aruba” sharing a very ancient name we knew very little about?

(I’ve got a lot more on the Uraba reference I will share later. )

(Citation to come )

Or that in the book America disclosed sightings and visitation of a region of giants (or Nephilim) in the Americas?

“Strange Adventures of Nine Spaniards meeting with Great Giants” (Olgiby, 1671).

Or that prior to Columbus’ arrival it was well noted by the autochthonous island inhabitants and their neighbors that Caribbean people lived to be over 160 years old and their women to bare children at 80 years old?

“The Caribbeeans attain to an exceeding great Age: Charles de Rotchfort witnessed, That in time there liv’d Men who remembered the first arrival of the  Spaniards under the Command of Christopher Columbus, which considered, they could not belief the each of them a hundred and sixty years old. Many Women also were found there, who bare Children after they were eighty years of age: yet nevertheless they are not free from sickness and distempers which cannot just be attributed to Climate,” 

(Olgiby, 1671, 361).

Where Can YOU Read this?

Smithsonian Online Book (Kindle, PDF, ePub, download)

Citation (APA Style): 

Ogilby, John. (1671). America. Printed by the author. Retrieved from

Other books:

Budge, E. A. W., & Romer, J. (2008). The Egyptian book· of the dead·. London, England: Penguin Group.

Budge, E. A. W. (1908). The Book on Egypt and Chaldea, The Book of Kings. London, England.
 Kegan Paul , Trench, Trübner & Company, Limited.

Photos from the Book America (Olgiby) and the website: for educational and research purposes only.

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